OpenProject packaged installation (DEB/RPM)Thanks to packaged installation, the installation of OpenProject has never been easier. However, if you want to try OpenProject before, you can register for our hosted version for 30 days for free. And if you need support during installation, with maintenance or customization of your OpenPorject installation, our professional services team is there to help you.The packaged installation includes the OpenProject core collaboration features as well as the supported plugins:
- Project overview
- Work packages
- Backlogs plugin
- Costs plugin
- Reporting plugin
- and more…
OpenProject installation via package manager
The installation of the OpenProject software can be done manually or via official software-packages built by the Packager.io service.
Using these software packages is highly recommended to reduce the pain of installation and configuration errors: the software packages ship with a configuration wizard, which will help you get everything up and running quickly.
Stack used by the Packager.io packages
- Apache 2 (web server) – this component provides the external interface, handles SSL termination (if SSL is used) and distributes/forwards web requests to the Unicorn processes.
- MySQL (database management system) – this component is used to store and retrieve data. We do support PostgreSQL as well, but it is not part of the automatic wizard. To configure this instead, see below.
- Unicorn (application server) – this component hosts the actual application. By default, there is two unicorn processes running in parallel on the app server machine.
- Ruby 2.1 (MRI) and necessary libraries to run the OpenProject source code.
The installation procedure assumes the following prerequisites:
- A server running one of the Linux distributions listed in the [system requirements]: https://www.openproject.org/systemrequirements
- A mail server that is accessible via SMTP that can be used for sending notification emails. OpenProject supports authentication, yet does not provide support for SMTP via SSL/TLS.
- If you intend to use SSL for OpenProject: A valid SSL certifificate along with the private key file. The key MUST NOT be protected by a passphrase, otherwise the Apache server won't be able to read it when it starts.
The following steps have to be performed to initiate the actual installation of
OpenProject via the package manager that comes with your Linux distribution.
Note that all commands should either be run as root or should be prepended with
Debian 8 Jessie
# install https support sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https wget -qO - https://deb.packager.io/key | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb https://deb.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce jessie stable/6" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openproject.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install openproject
Debian 7 Wheezy
# install https support sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https sudo wget -qO - https://deb.packager.io/key | apt-key add - echo "deb https://deb.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce wheezy stable/6" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openproject.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install openproject
Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial
wget -qO - https://deb.packager.io/key | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb https://deb.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce xenial stable/6" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openproject.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install openproject
Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty
wget -qO - https://deb.packager.io/key | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb https://deb.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce trusty stable/6" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openproject.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install openproject
CentOS / RHEL 7.x
sudo rpm --import https://rpm.packager.io/key echo "[openproject] name=Repository for opf/openproject-ce application. baseurl=https://rpm.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce/centos7/stable/6 enabled=1" | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/openproject.repo sudo yum install openproject
Suse Linux Enterprise Server 12
sudo rpm --import https://rpm.packager.io/key sudo zypper addrepo "https://rpm.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce/sles12/stable/6" "openproject" sudo zypper install openproject
Suse Linux Enterprise Server 11
wget https://rpm.packager.io/key -O packager.key && sudo rpm --import packager.key sudo zypper addrepo "https://rpm.packager.io/gh/opf/openproject-ce/sles11/stable/6" "openproject" sudo zypper install openproject
The OpenProject installation wizard currently supports setting up for MySQL databases only. However, OpenProject itself supports both MySQL and PostgreSQL. To configure the package to use an existing database, see the section below. To install or configure a MySQL database, skip to Configuration.
The OpenProject package is configured through ENV parameters that are passed to the
openproject user. You can read the current ENV parameters with
openproject run env. To write/read individual parameters, use
openproject config:set PARAMETER=VALUE and
openproject config:get PARAMETER.
For instance if you wanted to change the session store you would do:
sudo openproject config:set SESSION_STORE=active_record_store
This is handy to configure options that are not available in the installer (yet). In most cases though, you should always try to
configure the application first.
Configuring for an existing a PostgreSQL database
The MySQL wizard of the OpenProject installer internally sets the
DATABASE_URL (See DATABASE_URL in the Rails Guides for more information).
You can set this
DATABASE_URL parameter yourself to either a MySQL or PostgreSQL database URL.
openproject config:set DATABASE_URL="postgresql://[user[:password]@][host][:port][/dbname][?param1=value1&...]
Then, when configuring the addon, select skip in the MySQL installation wizard. The database specified using the URL will be used by Rails automatically for preparing the database.
You can use these ENV parameters to customize OpenProject. See OpenProject Configuration.
After the installation of the OpenProject package the system has to be configured to use this package and operate the OpenProject application. Therefore the package includes a configuration wizard which can be started using the following command:
Side note: The installer supports the configuration of necessary SSL
connections too. If required the corresponding SSL certificates (incl. keys)
have to be placed somewhere on the machine before running the installer (or
reconfigure the application later to enable the SSL support).
After you have completed the configuration wizard, the OpenProject instance will be started automatically. You can log into the instance initially with the user/password combination admin/admin. You will be asked to change this password immediately after the first login.
Managing your OpenProject installation
The openproject package comes with a command line tool to help manage the application. To see all possible command options of this tool you can run:
admin@openproject-demo:~# sudo openproject Usage: openproject run COMMAND [options] openproject scale TYPE=NUM openproject logs [--tail|-n NUMBER] openproject config:get VAR openproject config:set VAR=VALUE openproject reconfigure
In the rest of this section we'll go over some of the most important commands.
Run commands like rake tasks or rails console
The openproject command line tool supports running rake tasks and known scripts like the rails console:
sudo openproject run console # or a rake task sudo openproject run rake db:migrate # or check the version of ruby used by openproject sudo openproject run ruby -v
The command line tool can also be used to see the log information. The most
typically use case is to show/follow all current log entries. This can be
accomplished using the the
–tail flag. See example below:
sudo openproject logs --tail
You can also find all the logs in
Reconfigure the application
At any point in time, you can reconfigure the whole application by re-running the installer with the following command:
sudo openproject reconfigure
The command above will bring up the installation wizard again. Please be aware that it will start the configuration/installation process from scratch. You can choose to modify existing entries, or just leave them as they are if you want to reuse them (note that passwords will appear as "blank" entries in their respective input fields, but you don't need to enter them again if don't want to modify them).
Note that if you've just updated your OpenProject version, you should run
openproject configure (see section below), which would automatically reuse
your previous configuration, and only asks for your input if new configuration
options are available.
Inspect the existing configuration
You can list all of the environment variables accessible to the application by running:
sudo openproject config # this will return something like: DATABASE_URL=mysql2://openproject:9ScapYA1MN7JQrPR7Wkmp7y99K6mRHGU@127.0.0.1:3306/openproject SECRET_TOKEN=c5aa99a90f9650404a885cf5ec7c28f7fe1379550bb811cb0b39058f9407eaa216b9b2b22d27f58fb15ac21adb3bd16494ebe89e39ec225ef4627db048a12530 ADMIN_EMAILfirstname.lastname@example.org EMAIL_DELIVERY_METHOD=smtp SMTP_DOMAIN=example.com SMTP_HOST=smtp.example.com SMTP_PASSWORD=mail SMTP_PORT=25 SMTP_URL=smtp://mail:email@example.com:25/example.com SMTP_USERNAME=mail SMTP_ENABLE_STARTTLS_AUTO=true SMTP_AUTHENTICATION=plain WEB_CONCURRENCY=2 WEB_TIMEOUT=15 RAILS_CACHE_STORE=memcache SESSION_STORE=cache_store
Upgrade to a newer version
Upgrading the OpenProject is as easy as installing a newer OpenProject package
and running the
openproject configure command.
Debian / Ubuntu
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install --only-upgrade openproject sudo openproject configure
CentOS / RHEL
sudo yum update sudo yum install openproject sudo openproject configure
sudo zypper update openproject sudo openproject configure
Easy SSL setup via Let's Encrypt
You can get an SSL certificate for free via Let's Encrypt. Here is how you do it using certbot:
curl https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto > /usr/local/bin chmod a+x /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto certbot-auto certonly --webroot --webroot-path /opt/openproject/public -d openprojecct.mydomain.com
This requires your OpenProject server to be available from the Internet on port 443 or 80.
If this works the certificate (
cert.pem) and private key (
privkey.pem) will be created under
/etc/letsencrypt/live/openproject.mydomain.com/. Configure these for OpenProject to use by running
openproject reconfigure and choosing yes when the wizard asks for SSL.
Now this Let's Encryt certificate is only valid for 90 days. To renew it automatically all you have to do is to add the following entry to your crontab (run
0 1 * * * certbot-auto renew --quiet --post-hook "service apache2 restart"
This will execute
certbot renew every day at 1am. The command checks if the certificate is expired and renews it if that is the case. The web server is restarted in a post hook in order for it to pick up the new certificate.
The last thing you have to do is have OpenProject actually use the SSL certificate. For that you will have to reconfigure OpenProject using
openproject reconfigure. Keep everything the same except for the SSL option where you then provide the path to the certificate and private key given by
certbot-auto which is
If you want to use sendmail to send emails you may have to install postfix. If it is not yet installed do so using your package manager, for instance:
sudo apt-get install postfix
Pick the "No Configuration" option during the installation.
Next backup the configuration in
/etc/postfix and override
/etc/postfix/main.cf with the following:
allow_percent_hack = no biff = no bounce_queue_lifetime = 2h default_destination_concurrency_limit = 2 disable_vrfy_command = yes initial_destination_concurrency = 2 maximal_queue_lifetime = 4h message_size_limit = 4096 mydomain = [your domain] myhostname = [this host fqdn] mynetworks = [ip list, or hash file] smtpd_banner = $myhostname - private smtp smtpd_client_restrictions = smtpd_helo_required = yes smtpd_helo_restrictions = smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, reject smtpd_sender_restrictions = strict_mime_encoding_domain = yes strict_rfc821_envelopes = yes
Then restart postfix, e.g. using
service postfix restart and configure OpenProject to use it through
openproject reconfigure if it is not already done.
Now you should be able to send emails form your OpenProject installation. To test that it works login into OpenProject and send a test email via Administration -> Settings -> Email notifications.
Adding custom plugins to the installation
A number of plugins exist for use with OpenProject. Most plugins that are maintained by us are shipping with OpenProject, however there are several plugins contributed by the community.
Previously, using them in a packaged installation was not possible without losing your changes on every upgrade. With the following steps, you can now use third party plugins.
Note: We cannot guarantee upgrade compatibility for third party plugins nor do we provide support for them. Please carefully check whether the plugins you use are available in newer versions before upgrading your installation.
1. Add a custom Gemfile
If you have a plugin you wish to add to your packaged OpenProject installation, create a separate Gemfile with the Gem dependencies, such as the following:
gem 'openproject-emoji', git: 'https://github.com/tessi/openproject-emoji.git', :branch => 'op-5-stable'
We suggest to store the Gemfile under
/etc/openproject/Gemfile.custom, but the choice is up to you, just make sure the
openproject user is able to read it.
2. Propagate the Gemfile to the package
You have to tell your installation to use the custom gemfile via a config setting:
openproject config:set CUSTOM_PLUGIN_GEMFILE=/etc/openproject/Gemfile.custom
3. Re-run the installer
To re-bundle the application including the new plugins, as well as running migrations and precompiling their assets, simply re-run the installer while using the same configuration as before.
configure will take your previous decisions in the installer and simply re-apply them, which is an idempotent operation. It will detect the Gemfile config option being set and re-bundle the application.